Saturday, February 25, 2012

Wildlife National Parks in India

Wildlife National Parks in India

LinkDachigam National Park, Jammu and Kashmir
Dachigam National Park enjoys a proximity to the beautiful city of Srinagar, the capital of Jammu and Kashmir state. Its forests and picturesque landscape have always attracted tourists. The park is divided into two large sectors-the Lower and Upper Dachigam regions with altitudes of 1700 and 4300 meters, respectively.

Eravikulam National Park, Kerala
The Eravikulam National Park was established to protect the Nilgiri Tahr, an endangered specie of the wild goat and the only one to be found south of the Himalayas. Rich in forest and grasses, this park is relatively new as it was in 1978 that the area was notified as a park.

Great Himalayan National Park, Himachal Pradesh
Great Himalayan National Park is located in the upper ranges of Himalaya It is a kaleidoscope of alpine flora and fauna. A major part of the national park is permanently under glaciers and ice.

Hazaribagh National Park, Bihar
Nestling in low hilly terrain, at an average altitude of 615 meters in the Indian state of Bihar, the Hazaribagh National Park has an abundance of wild animals like the wild boar, sambar, nilgai, chital, sloth bear, tiger and panther.

Hemis High-Altitude National Park, Jammu & Kashmir
Hemis High-Altitude National Park is the largest high-altitude reserve of India. Very close to Leh, in the area of Markha and Rumbak Valleys, the area in general is rocky and sparsely covered.

Kanha National Park, Madhya Pradesh
Situated in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, the picturesque Kanha National Park was the inspiration behind Rudyard Kipling's unforgettable classic Jungle Book. The romance of the Kanha National Park has not reduced over time-it is still as beautiful.

Kaziranga National Park, Assam
Kaziranga National Park, situated in the northeastern state of Assam, is one of the most picturesque wildlife parks in India. The natural habitat of the one-horned rhino (Rhinoceros unicornis), Kaziranga lies on the southern banks of the Brahmaputra River, northeast of Assam's capital Guwahati.

Nagarhole National Park, Karnataka
Nagarhole National park derives its name from the combination of two Kannada words-'Nagar,' meaning snake, and 'hole,' meaning streams. True to its name, quite a few serpentine streams fork through the rich tropical forests of the park.

Nanda Devi National Park, Uttar Pradesh
In the vicinity of Nanda Devi (7817 m), the second highest peak in India, is situated the Nanda Devi National Park, which has some of the most unique high altitude flora and fauna in the world. The park has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO and in its vicinity are the Valley of Flowers, Badrinath Temple, and Hemkund Sahib.

Palamu National Park, Bihar
Palamau is situated within the lndo-Malayan realm and is rich in flora and fauna, though the area is prone to severe droughts. The park was brought under Project Tiger in 1973 and is among the first nine Tiger Reserves of the country. The core area was declared a National Park in September 1989.

Panna National Park, Madhya Pradesh
Situated in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh at a distance of around 57 km from Khajuraho is the Panna National Park. The park is known worldwide for its wild cats, including tigers as well as deer and antelope.

Pench National Park, Madhya Pradesh
The Pench National Park on the border of Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra has been known through the ages for its rich flora and fauna. Many writers like Captain Forsyth, A.A.D. Brander, R.A. Strendale, and Rudyard Kipling have all mentioned Pench in their books as the place with rich and beautiful flora and fauna.

Periyar National Park, Kerala
Situated within the confines of the Western Ghats in the southern Indian state of Kerala, Periyar National Park and Tiger Reserve is one of the most captivating wildlife parks in the world. Periyar (also known as Thekkady) is a park where one can witness playful pachyderms, whose population is currently around 800.

Pin Valley National Park, Himachal Pradesh
The Rohtang Pass, in the northern parts of India, is a site where one can view the most drastic of landscape variances - the lush green head of the Kullu Valley; awesome vista of bare, brown mountains; hanging glaciers, and snowfields that dazzle in the crisp light. Placed in the district of Lahaul and Spiti (Himachal Pradesh) this region has been untouched by the onslaughts of time. Pin Valley National Park is part of this beautiful land and showcases the best of floral and faunal species that these high hills of Himalayas can offer.

Rajaji National Park, Uttaranchal
The Rajaji National Park is named after the first Indian Governor General of India and well-known freedom fighter, C. Rajagopalachari or Rajaji, as he was popularly known. The park was established in 1983 after amalgamating three wildlife sanctuaries, namely, Rajaji, Motichur, and Chilla in the southern foothills of the Himalayas. Today, the park boasts of the highest concentration of wild elephants in the entire Uttaranchal.

Ranthambore National Park, Rajasthan
Ranthambore National Park is situated in India's northwestern state of Rajasthan, near the town of Sawai Madhopur, midway between Bharatpur and Kota townships. Originally a hunting ground of the Maharaja of Jaipur, Ranthambore National Park was declared a game sanctuary in 1955. In 1980, it became a national park and listed among the reserves protected under Project Tiger (1973). Ranthambore National Park is famous for its tigers.

Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Uttaranchal
The Sanjay Gandhi National Park or Borivali National Park has the distinction of being the only National Park in Mumbai. Notified in 1974, it is set in hill ranges around the suburb of Borivali in Mumbai. It plays host to various wildlife species like the panther, antelope, mouse deer and wild bear.

Sariska National Park, Rajasthan
Sariska National Park (near Alwar) is situated in the state of Rajasthan in the backdrop of the Aravali Hills. This park, which is quite near to Rajasthan's capital Jaipur, was declared a sanctuary in 1955. It came under the Project Tiger in 1979 and became a national park in 1982.

Madhav National Park, Madhya Pradesh
Madhav Shivpuri National Park was established in the year 1958 at the time of the creation of the state of Madhya Pradesh after independence. It received its present name in 1959. Before this it was known as Madhya Bharat National Park that originated as a private game preserve of the rulers of Gwalior. Today it enjoys further protection under the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972.

Silent Valley National Park, Kerala
Located in the Kundali Hills of the Western Ghats, the Silent Valley National Park holds a valuable reserve of rare plants and herbs. The park is rich in its wildlife, and elephants, lion-tailed macaques and tigers are the most common denizens of this park.

Simlipal National Park, Orissa
Simlipal national park originated primarily as a hunting ground for the royalty. It was formally designated a tiger reserve in 1956 under Project Tiger in May 1972. It was elevated to a national park status in 1979.

Sultanpur National Park, Haryana
If one is an avid wildlife enthusiast and happens to be in Delhi, the Sultanpur National Park could be the ideal destination. The sanctuary, located at a distance of 45 km on the National Highway No 8, is a birdwatcher's paradise with a sizable population of resident and migratory birds.

Sunderbans National Park, West Bengal
Situated south of Kolkata, Sunderbans is one of the most unique ecosystems in this part of the world and is dominated by mangrove forests. A UNESCO world heritage site, Sunderbans is home to the largest number of wild tigers in the world.

Valley of Flowers National Park, Uttaranchal
Valley of Flowers National Park or Bhyundar Valley National Park is situated in the Garhwal Himalayas in the newly formed state of Uttaranchal. It is near Joshimath, which, from time immemorial, has been a revered place of pilgrimage for the Hindus.

Wandur National Park, Andaman and Nicobar Islands
The Wandur National Park comprises about 12 islands and is located about 30 km southwest of Port Blair-the capital city of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Comprising of 300 islands, this archipelago is amongst the most far-flung regions of India.

Bandipur National Park, Karnataka
Bandipur National Park is a beautiful forest reserve located in the southern Indian state of Karnataka. This national park occupies a special place in India's efforts towards natural conservation. It was created in the 1930s from the local Maharaja Voodiyar's hunting lands, and named Venugopal Wildlife Park.

Bhitar Kanika National Park, Orissa
Located in the Indian state of Orissa, the Bhitar Kanika National Park is one of the few marine parks in India. The flora and fauna of this park has a lot of similarity to the Sunderbans in West Bengal except that there are no tigers here. The park was established to protect the saltwater crocodile and other marine inhabitants of the region. The park has special status of Crocodile Sanctuary and it was notified in 1975.

Corbett National Park
The Corbett National Park is a primal jungle as Rudyard Kipling put it. Despite extensive tourism, the park has managed to retain its primeval ambience, where man must walk timorously, in awe and with a strong sense of his own insignificance.